Sight is the most important sense. Feelings, smells, tastes and sounds only help to portray our image of the surrounding world, which is up to eighty percent made up by our eyes. Therefore, no wonder that this sense often times eventually wears out. Up to 80% of the population suffers from eye problems: myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia (reading glasses).
Your eyes reveal a lot about other diseases as well. Metabolic disorders, diabetes, and problems with blood pressure can be recognized on the blood vessels. Preventive examination will reveal the causes of headaches, hypertension, cataract and glaucoma, keratoconus - a degenerative disease of the cornea, or even tumors and preliminary diabetes.
A COMPREHENSIVE EYE EXAMINATION INCLUDES:
OCT examination of the retina
Pachymetry and topography of the cornea
GCC and ONH examination (state of the nerve fibers of the retina and the optic nerve)
Endothelial microscope examination.
Measuring the intraocular pressure may help diagnose or even prevent diseases such as glaucoma. Pressure is measured by a tonometer.
Visus is visual acuity. It's the ability of the eye to identify two closest points as two separate objects. Visus into the distance is examined using optotypes from a distance of 5 or 6 meters. Near-vision visual acuity is determined using near vision optotypes to a distance of 40 cm, ie. the reading distance.
The doctor will check your fundus and changes on it using an ophthalmoscope.
Optical coherence tomography
Thanks to this non-invasive examination, it is possible to observe the origin, development or recession of individual diseases of the posterior and anterior segment of the eye. This examination is most often used for:
Retinal diseases (age-related macula degeneration, retinal vessel closure, diabetic changes, macular disease, inflammation, post-traumatic conditions).
Diseases of the optic nerve – glaucoma, certain neurological diseases (multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease).
Measuring the parameters of the anterior segment of the eye (cornea, iris, lens).
Ultrasonic pachymetry is the measurement of corneal thickness.
Corneal topography measures its curvature and reveals diseases such as Keratoconus (the cornea slowly, but steadily deflects and thickens, resulting in growing myopia and irregular astigmatism).
GCC - Examination of the ganglion cell complex allows even more detailed and timely diagnosis of glaucoma.
ONH examination (state of the nerve fibers of the retina and the optic nerve).
Examination by endothelial microscopy is to examine the back layer of the cornea.