Keratoconus

congenital corneal disease, a group of corneal dystrophies, also called corneal ectasis

Keratoconus

WHAT IS KERATOCONUS?

Keratoconus is a congenital corneal disease, which is manifested by its gradual thinning and convexity into a conical shape. The cause is the weakening of the corneal tissue. The symptoms of keratoconus are trouble while driving, reading, double or shaded vision.

The disease may be associated with other ocular disorders such as all allergies (atopic eczema), Down or Turner's syndrome and also with the rubbing of the eyes in children. It forms in the period of puberty, the first symptoms include an increase in myopia and astigmatism. The earlier the disease manifest itself, the higher likelihood of its progress and the need to start treatment. Usually both eyes are affected by the keratoconus, but at different rates, and the disease progresses typically only up to the 40th year of life.


HOW TO GET RID OF KERATOCONUS?

The exact cause of the disease is not known, the treatment of keratoconus can only be alleviated or stabilized. The following treatments exist depending on the stage of the disease:

Stage 1-2

  • Glasses/lenses offer a temporary solution to the problem, which is not as efficient as other forms of treatment. 
  • CXL - corneal crosslinking is a new, minimally invasive form of treatment of keratoconus. It is based on the fortification of collagen bonds in the tissue of the cornea, and for best results it can also be combined with other treatments.

Stage 3-4

  • Plastic corneal implants - they have the ability to more accurately correct pathological corneal convexity
    Corneal transplant is often the only viable way of restoring vision in advanced stages. It is possible to substitute part of the corneal thickness, or corneal thickness in full.

WHO IS THE SURGERY SUITABLE FOR

The surgery is the right choice for all those with the full outbreak of the disease and treatment with contact lenses not helping. The doctor determines the type of surgery after a careful preoprative examination based on the stage of the disease. Book an appointment today.


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