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Diseases of the retina

Diseases of the retina

1. DISEASES OF THE RETINA

Common diseases of the retina include retinal detachment. This is a state of separation of the retina from the choroid - an eye layer full of vessels between the retina and the white of the eye. The cause may be an eye accident, tumor, inflammatory disease, but it can also occur without any obvious cause.  The risk factors for its developing include male gender, glaucoma, myopia, or peripheral retinal degeneration. The main symptoms are loss of vision in part or the whole visual field, often down to the level of practical blindness in the affected eye.

How to get rid of this retinal disease

Retinal detachment is a very serious disease, which can lead to complete blindness. The foundation of successful treatment is a surgical procedure in which there is the retina is put in place again. The procedure must be performed as soon as possible after the diagnosis of retinal detachment.

Who is the surgery suitable for

Higher risk of retinal detachment is in patients with myopia. In the event that you experience the symptoms of this retinal disease (floaties in the eyes, flashes ...), do not hesitate to seek medical advice and undergo a preventative checkup.
 

2. DIABETIC RETINOPATHY

What is diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is a disease associated with diabetes. It's caused by the increased amount of glucose in the blood, which damages and clogs up fine retinal blood vessels through successive changes in the blood flow and changes in the walls of blood vessels. This leads to bleeding into the retina, hypohemia and swelling of its parts, as well as the formation of closures in small blood vessels. This is a very dangerous illness often leading to blindness. Symptoms often appear only when they already pose a direct threat to the patient’s vision.

How is diabetic retinopathy treated?

Prevention and periodic medical examinations are very important when suffering from this condition, especially in patients with diabetes. They should undergo it at least once a year. Diabetic retinopathy has a number of degrees. Treatment is also indicated accordingly.

  • Laser coagulation of the retina.
  • Pars plana vitrectomy (in advanced cases)
  • Injections with an active substance to prevent the growth of new, imperfect, bleeding vessels.

The goal of treatment is to slow down and stabilize the disease, and improve the patient’s vision.

Who is the surgery suitable for

The suitability of the surgery must be individually assessed by the doctor at the preoperative examination.



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