WHAT IS HYPEROPIA?
Farsightedness, or hypermetropia is a congenital and often inherited dioptric error of the eye where the patient sees very well in the distance, but close objects remain blurred. Symptoms also include intense eye strain when looking at things in close proximity, associated with headaches, red eyes, constant focusing on the image, and oftentimes also strabismus. About a third of the population suffers from farsightedness.
In younger and young age, low levels of farsightedness do not have significant manifestations, but over time the vision gets worse, and more severe problems occur at the age of about 40 when symptoms of presbyopia begin to appear as well. Higher degrees of hyperopia are manifested already in childhood and are often associated with strabismus or amblyopia.
Vision of a farsighted patient
HOW TO GET RID OF HYPEROPIA
In the case of hyperopia, the image is formed behind the retina, its therefore corrected with glasses or lenses with plus power prescription and a convex shape, thanks to which a sharp image is created on the retina. Intraocular and laser surgeries are meant for those who aren’t satisfied with this method of hyperopia correction.
Farsightedness is usually corrected via Z-LASIK laser technology. Compared to the older operating methods, hyperopia surgery has the following advantages:
- it is fast, accurate, safe, and comfortable
- it only takes about 30 minutes
- hyperopia surgery is painless and takes place under local anaesthesia
- fast recovery
- low risk of postoperative complications
- better vision several hours after the surgery.
Any candidate over 18 years of age with a steady refractive error for at least one year can undergo laser eye surgery using the Z-Lasik method. However, the candidate’s suitability for surgery is ultimately decided by the doctor.
For some patients, it is more appropriate to correct hyperopia by an intraocular surgery, replacing their own lens with an artificial one, according to exactly calculated dioptric power. In patients over 45 years of age, it is possible to remove farsightedness along with presbyopia through intraoperative surgery (PRELEX) with te implantation of a multifocal artificial lens. This method is also suitable for candidates with an error of more than + 4 diopters, and for patients with a thin cornea.
Each candidate for hyperopia surgery must first undergo a preoperative examination. Thanks to this examination, our doctors can accurately diagnose the problem and suggest the most effective solution. The operating method also depends on the age, occupation, lifestyle and, of course, the presence of the patient's eye disorders.
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